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Congreso

Contenidos del congreso
Congreso
XXII Congreso Nacional de la Sociedad Española de Neurocirugía
Toledo, 16-18 Mayo 2018
Listado de sesiones
Comunicación
17. NAQ + BASE CRÁNEO
Texto completo

C0173 - DETERMINATION OF ELOQUENT FUNCTIONAL AREAS COMPARING TASK BOLD FMRI AND ANATOMY OF BRAIN SULCUS, GYRUS AND WHITE MATTER TRACTS: A RELIABLE TOOL FOR PRESURGICAL PLANNING OF PATIENTS WITH LESIONS ON THOSE AREAS?

P. Capilla Guasch1, F. Talamantes Escriba1, V. Quilis Quesada1, J.M. González Darder1, M. Neto2, V. Holanda2 and E. de Oliveira2

1Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valencia, Valencia, Spain. 2Hospital Beneficiencia Portuguesa, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Objectives: To compare the anatomical knowledge of brain sulcus, gyrus and white matter tracts with the results obtained by the fMRI and their reliability for plannig patients with lesions on eloquent areas.

Methods: 88 hemispheres in 44 patients with lesions on eloquent areas were studied by obtaining fMRI results defining motor areas (foot, hand and face) and speech areas. These results were compared presurgical with anatomical references on T1, T2, FLAIR and DTI sequences. The cortical stimulation, which is considered the gold standard, was used to verify intraoperative the motor anatomical references and the fMRI results.

Results: We found a mismatching of 7 ± 3 mm comparing the preoperative anatomical references (T1, T2, FLAIR, DTI) with the fMRI results on motor areas. On the speech regions we had a discrepancy of 5 ± 2 mm. Intraoperative we could delimitate the motor area with cortical stimulation and we saw that there was more surface outside within the fMRI than within the anatomical references. We also found that in many cases the anatomical regions delimitated by fMRI were slightly different compared with anatomical findings.

Conclusions: While dealing with brain pathology the anatomy may be distorted, shifted and unclear. Functional MRI should not be the only study to determine an eloquent area because in many cases we found a mismatching defining the anatomical region and also the surface extension in relation to anatomy knowledge and cortical stimulation.

Idiomas
Neurocirugía

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