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Vol. 24. Num. 3.May - June 2013
Pages 93-140
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1996
Vol. 24. Num. 3.May - June 2013
Pages 93-140
Caso clínico
DOI: 10.1016/j.neucir.2012.09.007
Epidermoid cyst mimicking an intrinsic brainstem tumor
Quiste epidermoide simulando un tumor intrínseco del tronco cerebral
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1996
Marcelo Volpon Santos??
Corresponding author
marcelovolpon@yahoo.com

Corresponding author.
, Luciano Lopes Furlanetti, Mércia Duarte Jeanne Bezerra, Ricardo Santos de Oliveira
Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery and Anatomy, Ribeirão Preto School of Medicine, University of São Paulo; Hospital Infantil Varela Santiago, Natal, Brazil
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1996
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Table 1. Summary of cases of epidermoid cysts in children.
Abstract
Objective

To describe an atypical clinical and radiological presentation of a brainstem epidermoid cyst in a child and to provide a review of the medical literature on brainstem epidermoid cysts in children.

Material and method

Review of medical records and operative notes of an unusual case of a patient with a brainstem epidermoid cyst. MEDLINE literature search using the terms brainstem, epidermoid cyst and children.

Results

Gross total resection of the cyst was achieved. The patient had an uneventful recovery.

Conclusion

Epidermoid cysts are rare tumors of the brain and children. The management of these tumors can be quite challenging. A good clinical and neuroradiological evaluation pre-operatively is fundamental for a successful surgical treatment. Surgical resection should be as radical as possible without putting the patient's neurological status into risk.

Keywords:
Brainstem
Brain tumor
Children
Epidermoid cysts
Epidermoids
Surgical resection
Resumen
Objetivo

Describir una presentación atípica clínica y radiológica de un quiste epidermoide del tronco cerebral en un niño y hacer una revisión de la literatura médica sobre los quistes epidermoides del tronco cerebral en los niños.

Material y método

Revisión de historias clínicas y notas operativas de un caso inusual de un paciente con un quiste epidermoide del tronco cerebral. Búsqueda bibliográfica de los términos tronco encéfalico, quiste epidermoide y niños.

Resultados

La resección quirúrgica completa del quiste se logró. El paciente tuvo una recuperación sin complicaciones.

Conclusión

Los quistes epidermoides son tumores poco frecuentes en el cerebro y su manejo implica algunos riesgos. Una buena evaluación clínica y radiológica antes de la operación es fundamental para un tratamiento quirúrgico exitoso. La resección quirúrgica debe ser tan radical como sea posible sin poner el estado neurológico del paciente en riesgo.

Palabras clave:
Tronco cerebral
Tumor cerebral
Niños
Quistes epidermoides
Epidermoides
Resección quirúrgica

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