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Congress
XXI Congreso Nacional de la Sociedad Española de Neurocirugía
Barcelona, 17-19 May 2017
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C0495 - USE OF ANTI-D WAVE TO OPTIMIZE AND MAXIMIZE SAFE RESECTION OF SPINAL CORD TUMORS, WHILE PRESERVING NEUROLOGICAL FUNCTIONS

L.H. González-Quarante, A. Traba López, R. González Rodrigálvarez, Ó. Lucas Gil de Sagredo del Corral, A. Montalvo Afonso, C. Fernández Carballal and R. García Leal

Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, Spain.

Objectives: To present the novel “anti D wave”, as a new neurophysiological tool to perform intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring in spinal cord tumors. We present our experience with an illustrative case of intraspinal ependymoma affecting the cervical cord.

Methods: We performed a review of the literature and found one thorough paper presenting the use of “anti D wave” or antidromic wave in human patients with tumoral diseases. This wave is deemed to be presumably used in a similar fashion than the better known “D wave”. Therefore, we systematically started to complement our standard intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring with the Antidromic Cortico Spinal Tract Potential (“anti-D” wave) in patients with spinal cord tumors.

Results: We present the video of an illustrative case of a 44-year-old male patient who presented at our institution complaining of a 6-month history of cervicalgia. MRI showed an intradural intramedullary cystic lesion that extended from C2 to C6. A small enhacing nodule was observed in the middle of the lesion. Surgical procedure with intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring was scheduled. In addition to the standard monitoring [somatosensory evoked potentials, transcranially elicited muscle motor evoked potentials, epidural motor evoked potentials (D wave) and cortical spinal cord-evoked potentials], we recorded the Antidromic Cortico Spinal tract Potential, also known as Anti-D wave.

Conclusions: We found a close correlation between anti-D wave and D-wave. We have recorded the anti-D wave in 3 additional patients with spinal cord tumors, observing a similar positive predictive value for preservation of neurological functions, when comparing this novel wave to the more commonly used D wave. Admittedly, further cases are needed to better characterize this new neurophysiological tool and add it to the intraoperative armamentarium for treating complex spinal cord tumors, yielding a better chance of preserving neurological functions.

Idiomas
Neurocirugía (English edition)

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